CEACR 2020, 2(1), 5; doi: 10.35995/ceacr2010005
Milky Lungs: Ultrasonographic Findings in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Received: 13 Aug 2020 / Revised: 16 Sep 2020 / Accepted: 17 Sep 2020 / Published: 23 Sep 2020
Diagnosis and following up the dynamics of Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome demand a more feasible, non-invasive and bedside tool, such as lung ultrasound, for monitoring the damaged lungs. We report on a 6-month-old child admitted in our Pediatric Surgical Intensive Care Unit with a clinical presentation of ileus and concomitant community acquired pneumonia. Lung ultrasound (LUS) examinations according to the BLUE Protocol were done several times during the hospital stay. A-lines were seen at admission in the upper segments, but 2–3 B-lines were present in the posterolateral segments bilaterally. Later on, separated and coalescent B-lines were seen. White lung parenchyma or milky lungs with a thickened pleural line were seen, while the worst gas exchange according to the results of Arterial Blood Gases (ABGs) has been detected. According to the findings, as many B-lines will be detected, as the severeness of lung damage and gas exchange impairement. The improvement of the gas exchange with the disappearance of the coalescent B-lines was seen later on, after ventilating the child in a prone position. Bedsides, LUS is a feasible and non-invasive point of care method that could be used for diagnosing Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (PARDS) but in guiding therapy of the damaged lungs, also. The finding of diffuse, coalescent and homogenous B-lines interpreted as “Milky lungs” is consistent with the diagnosis of PARDS.
Keywords: lung ultrasound; pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome; point of care ultrasonography; milky lungs
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Filip, N.; Marija, T.; Biljana, K.; Andrijan, K.; Angela, T. Milky Lungs: Ultrasonographic Findings in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. CEACR 2020, 2, 5.
Filip N, Marija T, Biljana K, Andrijan K, Angela T. Milky Lungs: Ultrasonographic Findings in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Central European Annals of Clinical Research. 2020; 2(1):5.
Filip, Naumovski; Marija, Toleska; Biljana, Kuzmanovska; Andrijan, Kartalov; Angela, Trposka. 2020. "Milky Lungs: Ultrasonographic Findings in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome." CEACR 2, no. 1: 5.